Method 1: Create a family atmosphere full of innovation for children
From birth to early childhood, the family is the main living environment for children, and the parents are the ones who have the most contact. Parents' words and deeds are affecting children, and children's ability to imitate is very strong, and they will imitate their parents' attitudes and methods.
Therefore, in order to cultivate children with excellent innovative ability, parents must establish an innovative image in front of their children, and at the same time, they must also convey to their children an attitude of being willing to innovate.
When a child wants to play a new game, if parents say: "Don't play that, it's dangerous." Or, "You can't play that right now." The child's interest in learning about new things will be suppressed, and the inability to try new games will If there is a sense of frustration, it will suppress and attack the child's active spirit of exploration, and the cultivation of innovation ability will be impossible to talk about.
Parents should create a relaxed, harmonious and equal family atmosphere, be parents with modern educational concepts, adopt an enlightened method of discipline, analyze and solve problems from several new perspectives, and help children solve problems from multiple perspectives. , so that children receive positive learning examples from their parents.
Parents should give children full freedom, encourage children to try difficult games, and let children develop their creativity. Once the child's talent is discovered, it must be actively encouraged and cultivated so that the child's creative talent can be developed.
Method 2: Be good at stimulating children's curiosity
Curiosity is the inner driving force that stimulates children's innovative ability and the driving force for children to achieve success. It can arouse children's inner potential and make children fully involved in creative activities. Children with innovative spirit generally have strong curiosity. Many inventions and creations are not expected in advance, but are often driven by curiosity and come out through innovative thinking.
Only when children have a strong curiosity about things in the objective world can they discover areas for improvement and change, which is the basis of innovative thinking. The stronger the curiosity, the more realistic material you have, and the more conducive to creating new achievements.
My dad just now likes to grow flowers, and there are a lot of flowers at home. One day, I just cut out a few roses and sunflowers on a whim, buried them in the soil quietly, and evenly watered them. After two days, he saw that the roses were all wilted, but the sunflowers bloomed, and a few new buds appeared.
The child is very puzzled, because the two kinds of flowers are planted in the same way, but they have different results. He went to Dad with his own questions. Dad was very angry when he saw that his flower was destroyed by the child, but he thought about it, this is the manifestation of the child's curiosity.
So, the father controlled his emotions and told the child why this happened. He believes that encouraging every little new idea of the child will be of great help to the child.
Children's minds are usually open-minded, and they often have a strong interest in new things in the outside world. Therefore, they will ask their parents questions with a curious attitude. These questions are an important way for children to understand the world and cultivate innovative ability. Parents must not Ignore the child's problems, or despise the child, otherwise, the child will gradually lose curiosity and enthusiasm.
Parents should cherish and be good at protecting children's curiosity, properly stimulate and guide children's curiosity, provide children with a safe and creative environment, and ignite children's desire to learn new things. Parents can patiently answer their children’s questions and often accompany their children for walks, so that their curiosity can develop positively; however, if they blindly reprimand or stop their children’s exploratory behavior, they will hinder the development of their children’s curiosity, or they may put their children’s curiosity at risk. lead in the wrong direction.
Method 3: Pay attention to cultivating children's observation skills
Observation is the foundation of innovation ability, and it is very important for the cultivation of children's innovation ability. 80% of the information a child obtains from the outside world is obtained through observation. Children learn to observe before they can remember and think. Therefore, observation is the starting point of thinking. The development of innovation ability is inseparable from observation. Only when children listen and see more in life will they master more knowledge and accumulate more Experience and find the inner connection of things, in order to successfully use their innovative thinking to solve problems.
In addition to genetic factors, children's creativity is also affected by education and the environment. Parents should create a good environment for children from childhood, help children broaden their horizons, and let children dare to observe and be good at observation, so as to open up children. of innovation.
Li Siguang is a well-known geologist in my country. He is known for his ability to observe various phenomena. No matter where he goes, he will pay attention to observe the surroundings, pay attention everywhere, pay attention at all times, and never miss any small observation opportunity. He will conduct on-the-spot observations when he goes abroad to give lectures, attend conferences, and travel.
When he went abroad to give lectures and traveled to the United States, he crossed the American continent, stopping at least six or seven times during the period to specifically climb mountains to investigate geology. He passed through Italy and Switzerland on his way back from England, and also conducted field geological expeditions.
In the end, he founded geomechanics and helped China take off the hat of "oil-poor country".
If a child's life is monotonous and there are few opportunities for observation, more brain cells will be in a state of repression, the development of the cerebral cortex will be delayed, and intelligence will be limited accordingly.
On the contrary, if the child lives in an environment full of colorful and fresh things, the brain can receive many new stimuli and is often in a state of excitement, the intellectual development will be faster, and the innovation ability will be developed accordingly. It can be seen that, in order for children to have good innovation ability, parents must consciously take their children out for more walks and cultivate their children's observation skills.
In the early childhood, the observation power lacks stability, the duration is short, and the system and generalization are also lacking. Parents should teach their children basic observation methods, consciously guide them to observe the things around them, and let them learn to observe purposefully, gradually become organized and generalized, and develop children's innovative ability while improving children's observation.
Parents should also teach their children the observation methods from the outside to the inside, from the near to the far, from the part to the whole, cultivate the child's good observation habits, prepare the source for the child's innovation ability, and promote the improvement of the child's innovation ability.
Method 4: Teach children to master innovative skills
Scientific methods and techniques are the forerunners of cultivating children's innovative ability. People who can make achievements often think about problems from angles that others can't think of, and analyze problems from angles that others don't find.
In daily life, parents should guide their children to learn to analyze and look at things from multiple angles, cultivate children's divergent thinking, and gradually form innovative thinking. The main methods of innovation are extension, synthesis, innovation, deduction, change of direction, etc. Many classic innovations use one or more of these methods. Only by mastering these innovative skills will children develop innovative thinking on this basis.
For example, for paper clips at home, parents can guide their children to discover its other functions, such as replacing pins and making fish hooks.
Method 5: Encourage children's exploratory behavior
Bing Xin once said: "Naughty boys are good, and naughty girls are coincidences." Children love to play and explore unknown things, which does not mean that children are bad children. On the contrary, this is the beginning of children's innovative ability. And budding, parents should not only not stop it, but also consciously protect and cherish it, give children enough time and space, and give them the opportunity to discover and research things and ideas of interest. As long as the child is safe, parents should actively encourage his various explorations.
Pauling was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1962. His father was a pharmacist and had his own laboratory. Pauling was very fond of experiments as a child. He admired his father's ability to formulate medicines and wanted to do experiments himself.
The father noticed very early that the child was interested in experiments, and began to consciously teach the child how to mix medicines and how to conduct experiments. With the permission and support of his father, Pauling stayed in the laboratory every day to do experiments, and most importantly, he inherited the spirit of exploration from his father.
His father died when Pauling was 9 years old. Pauling endured the pain, came out of the depression, and re-entered the laboratory. It was under the inspiration of his father that Pauling embarked on the path of exploring science and later made great achievements in the field of chemistry.
Parents should learn to appreciate the child's desire to explore and allow the child's exploratory behavior, including dismantling some things at home. Parents can tell their children in advance to remember the order of disassembly when disassembling, and try to reassemble after disassembly. Doing so not only satisfies the child's desire to explore, but also exercises the child's hands-on ability. Even if the child accidentally breaks something of the parent, don't blame the child lightly, or it will kill the child's creativity.